World Trade Center Site Memorial Competition

Votives in Suspension
Norman Lee and Michael Lewis

Lower Waters
Bradley Campbell and Matthias Neumann

Passages of Light: Memorial Cloud
bbc art + architecture
Baurmann Brooks Coersmeier
Gisela Baurmann, Sawad Brooks,
and Jonas Coersmeier

Suspending Memory
Joseph Karadin with Hsin-Yi Wu

Garden of Lights
Pierre David with Sean Corriel,
Jessica Kmetovic

Dual Memory
Brian Strawn and Karla Sierralta

Inversion of Light
Toshio Sasaki

Bradley Campbell and Matthias Neumann, Brooklyn, NY
Lower Waters
Click image for an enlarged view.
Lower Waters

Water and light symbolize life, rejuvenation and rebirth. By using water and light as key elements of the design and by bringing people directly to the site of the attacks, we hope that visitors will remember not only the loss of life but also the sanctity of life that we live each day. These elements point to the passing of time, and speak to us of emotion and transcendence. The site is designed to provide a place in this city and within each of us where we may find peace in experiencing the challenging, often painful cycle of death, grief, rebirth and life.

Our physical movement throughout the site, the inclined park and the various levels of memorial and museum, represents our emotional movement through the experiences of memory, grief, discovery, hope, and rebirth. We descend to the memorial spaces, the literal and figurative centers, and to the Museum of September 11. Our contact with the names of the victims, their final resting place, the original slurry wall, and bedrock level of the World Trade Center causes us to contemplate the profound loss suffered on September 11 and to be grateful for the many that were saved. As we ascend, we come back to the city and ourselves transformed by the emotional and historic magnitude of that day.

Materials have been carefully chosen to support the concept, symbolism and emotion of the memorial. The memorial space of the North Tower is clad in black granite - solemn, strong, stable - a reference to living memory and to the foundation of the towers. The private area for families of the victims and the intimate area for the public are made of thick walls of earth, to suggest comfort and stability at the depths. The fašade of the Museum of September 11 in the South Tower Footprint is stacked glass with sanded edges referring to both the construction and collapse of the towers.

The design meets the daunting challenge of unifying the various site characteristics, the breadth of emotional and historical significance, and the community's many requirements. It is important that the site fulfill two major roles in the complex program of this memorial. First, it is a place of peace, reflection and reverence where we engage ourselves emotionally and spiritually. Second, it addresses the need for an intellectual understanding and historical perspective of the events of September 11, 2001. These are the dual roles of, and the overlap between, the Memorial and the Museum of September 11, 2001.